Our Position

Reform and Refocus the Farm Credit System


  • Farm Credit System (FCS) lenders enjoy unfair competitive advantages over rural community banks, leveraging their tax and funding advantages as government sponsored enterprises (GSEs) to siphon the best loans from community banks’ loan portfolios. The FCS’s abusive tactic of undercutting market pricing to obtain the best loans jeopardizes the viability of many community banks and the economic strength of the thousands of rural communities they serve.

  • ICBA strenuously opposes the Farm Credit Administration’s (FCA’s) initiative to allow FCS to engage in non-farm financing labeled as investments or investment bonds. This initiative, which the FCA is implementing via regulatory process, is a successor to the “Rural Community Investments” proposal, which was withdrawn in November 2013.

  • ICBA further rejects legislation proposed by the Farm Credit Council to allow blanket approval authority of these FCS “investments” without FCA’s case-by-case review and approval.

  • ICBA opposes allowing the FCS lenders to become the equivalent of rural banks with powers to establish checking and savings accounts, take deposits, or establish a consumer-oriented deposit insurance plan within the FCA. FCS lenders must not have access to the Federal Reserve’s ACH system for clearing electronic credit and debit transfers.

  • ICBA opposes expansion of FCS authorities and supports legislative and regulatory provisions to ensure FCS’s adherence to its historical mission of serving bona fide farmers and ranchers.


Community Banks and the Rural Economy. Thousands of community banks serve rural areas. As of the first quarter 2019, there were 1,315 “farm” banks representing nearly one-quarter of all FDIC-insured institutions. Agriculture loans held by FDIC-insured institutions totaled $184 billion. Community banks hold nearly 70 percent of total agriculture loans from the banking sector. Community banks of less than $10 billion in asset size hold approximately 80 percent of all banking sector agricultural loans. Approximately 3,000 community banks have agriculture-related portfolios of at least $5 million. Community banks are four times more likely to operate offices in rural counties. Community banks remain the only banking presence in more than 600 counties (nearly 20 percent of all U.S. counties) and hold the majority of banking deposits in rural counties.

Farm Credit System. FCS lenders enjoy unfair advantages over rural community banks and leverage their tax and funding advantages as government sponsored enterprises (GSEs) to siphon the best loans away from community banks. The FCS is the only GSE that competes directly against private sector lenders at the retail level. FCS was chartered by Congress to serve bona-fide farmers and ranchers and a narrow group of farm-related businesses that provide on-farm services. However, in recent years FCS has sought numerous non-farm lending powers in an effort to compete directly with commercial banks for non-farm customers.

FCS’s complicit regulator, the FCA, has also sought to expand FCS activities through regulatory initiatives such as “investment bonds” and the “Rural Community Investments” regulation finalized in 2018. These initiatives provide authority for non-farm lending under the guise of “investments,” even though such lending goes beyond the constraints of the Farm Credit Act. Additionally, the Farm Credit Council has proposed replacing the FCA’s prior approval of these “investments” with blanket authority for FCS lenders to approve any investment without FCA’s up-front review. ICBA opposes the Farm Credit Council’s legislative proposal.

Recent proposals to allow the FCS to become the equivalent of rural commercial banks would devastate thousands of rural community banks both in urban and rural and remote areas. Such proposals are another FCS-initiative to utilize GSE tax and funding advantages to expand beyond statutory lending constraints, ignore FCS’s GSE mission of serving actual farmers and ranchers, and dramatically increase FCS institutions’ profits at the expense of tax-paying, private sector community banks.

Congress should reform and refocus the FCS’s authorities in order to limit their non-farm lending activities, including through “investments” authorities and “similar entity” loans to large corporations, to ensure these authorities do not circumvent existing statute or go beyond the intent of Congress; prohibit predatory, below-market pricing of loans; equalize tax treatment between community banks and FCS lenders; and changing the makeup of the FCA board.

Staff Contact: Mark Scanlan

Staff Contact

Mark K. Scanlan

Senior Vice President, Agriculture and Rural Policy

Washington, DC


Ag News

Community Bankers in Washington This Week


ICBA Capital Summit Attendees Pressing for Reforms to Help Local Communities

Washington, D.C. (April 29, 2019)—Community bankers from all corners of the country are in Washington this week for meetings with lawmakers as part of the Independent Community Bankers of America® (ICBA) 2019 Capital Summit. Representing the nation’s more than 52,000 community banking locations, attendees will advocate reforms to expand economic opportunity in local communities.

In addition to congressional meetings, participants will hear remarks from Senate Banking Committee Chairman Mike Crapo (R-Idaho), House Financial Services Committee Chairwoman Maxine Waters (D-Calif.), FDIC Chairman Jelena McWilliams, and ICBA President and CEO Rebeca Romero Rainey. Community bank innovation will continue to be a big theme at the event, with a panel discussion on community bank-fintech partnerships. House Financial Services Committee member French Hill (R-Ark.), Hunton Andrews Kurth LLP Partner Heather Archer Eastep and ICBA Services Network Chief Operating Officer Kevin Tweddle will be part of the discussion led by ICBA Chairman and President and CEO of Zachary Bancshares Inc. Preston Kennedy.

“As the nation’s most trusted lenders, community banks are in Washington to advocate pro-growth policies that will help them promote economic opportunity for their customers and communities back home,” Kennedy said. “We look forward to meeting with policymakers this week on common-sense reforms based on principles that everyone can agree on.”

In meetings with members of Congress, community bankers will be advocating:

  • regulatory relief through ICBA’s Community Focus 2020: The Community Bank Agenda for Expanding Economic Opportunity,
  • Bank Secrecy Act modernization that better targets financial crimes,
  • a federal safe harbor for banking legal cannabis-related businesses,
  • consistent data security standards for all participants in the payments and financial systems,
  • ending competitive advantages for credit unions and the Farm Credit System, and
  • housing-finance reform that preserves secondary market access for community bank lenders.

“With more than 52,000 locations in urban, suburban and rural communities, community banks comprise 99 percent of U.S. banks and have a presence in every congressional district,” Romero Rainey said. “As the source of 60 percent of the nation’s small-business loans and 80 percent of agricultural loans, community banks want to ensure economic prosperity reaches into every corner of our country through common-sense, bipartisan policies that promote a robust, fair and competitive financial system.”

For more information and the complete agenda, visit www.icba.org/summit19.

About ICBA

The Independent Community Bankers of America® creates and promotes an environment where community banks flourish. With more than 52,000 locations nationwide, community banks constitute 99 percent of all banks, employ more than 760,000 Americans and are the only physical banking presence in one in five U.S. counties. Holding more than $4.9 trillion in assets, $3.9 trillion in deposits, and $3.4 trillion in loans to consumers, small businesses and the agricultural community, community banks channel local deposits into the Main Streets and neighborhoods they serve, spurring job creation, fostering innovation and fueling their customers’ dreams in communities throughout America. For more information, visit ICBA’s website at www.icba.org

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